Evidence-based diagnosis : an introduction to clinical epidemiology / Thomas B. Newman, Michael A. Kohn ; illustrated by Martina A. Steurer.
Contributor(s): Kohn, Michael A., author. | Steurer, Martina A., illustrator.Call number: RC71.3 N49 2020eb Material type: TextPublisher: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2020Edition: Second edition.Description: 1 online resource (x, 371 pages) : digital, PDF file(s).Content type: text Media type: computer Carrier type: online resourceISBN: 9781108500111 (ebook) ; 9781108436717 (paperback) (Invalid ISBN) Subject(s): Diagnosis | Evidence-based medicine | Function tests (Medicine) -- Evaluation | Diagnosis -- ResearchDDC classification: 616.07/5 Online resources: Click here to access online
1. Introduction: Understanding Diagnosis and Evidence-Based Diagnosis -- 2. Dichotomous Tests -- 3. Multilevel and Continuous Tests -- 4. Critical Appraisal of Studies of Diagnostic Test Accuracy -- 5. Reliability and Measurement Error -- 6. Risk Predictions -- 7. Multiple Tests and Multivariable Risk Models -- 8. Quantifying Treatment Effects Using Randomized Trials -- 9. Alternatives to Randomized Trials for Estimating Treatment Effects -- 10. Screening Tests -- 11. Understanding P-Values and Confidence Intervals -- 12. Challenges for Evidence-Based Diagnosis.
Medicine is becoming increasingly reliant on diagnostic, prognostic and screening tests for the successful treatment of patients. With new tests being developed all the time, a more informed understanding of the benefits and drawbacks of these tests is crucial. Providing readers with the tools needed to evaluate and interpret these tests, numerous real-world examples demonstrate the practical application and relevance of the material. The mathematics involved are rigorously explained using simple and informative language. Topics covered include the diagnostic process, reliability and accuracy of tests, and quantifying treatment benefits using randomized trials, amongst others. Engaging illustrations act as visual representations of the concepts discussed in the book, complementing the textual explanation. Based on decades of experience teaching in a clinical research training program, this fully updated second edition is an essential guide for anyone looking to select, develop or market medical tests.