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Educational research : the ethics and aesthetics of statistics / Paul Smeyers, Marc Depaepe, editors.

Contributor(s): Smeyers, Paul,, 1953- | Depaepe, Marc.
Call number: LB2846 E38 2010 Material type: TextTextSeries: Educational research: v. 5.Publisher: Dordrecht ; New York : Springer, c2010.Description: viii, 224 p. : ill. ; 24 cm..ISBN: 9789048198726Subject(s): Educational statistics. | Education.DDC classification: 370.72
Contents:
Cover13; -- Contents -- 1 Representation or Hard Evidence? The Use of Statistics in Education and Educational Research -- Note -- References -- 2 The Lure of Statistics for Educational Researchers -- 2.1 The Roots of Quantification -- 2.2 The Adoption of Statistics by Professions -- 2.3 Educational Research as a Soft and Applied Field -- 2.4 One Problem with Quantifying Educational Research: Missing the Point -- 2.5 Another Problem with Quantifying Educational Research: Forcing a Rectangular Grid onto a Spherical World -- References -- 3 Dazzling Statistics? On the University Expansion in Flanders and the Need for Research into the History of Education that Transcends Quantifying Sociology -- 3.1 The Context -- 3.2 Problem Statement -- 3.3 Questions from History on the Use of Statistics in Social Sciences -- 3.3.1 Too General? -- 3.3.2 Too A-Historical? -- 3.3.3 Presentist Pitfalls? -- Notes -- References -- 4 Child Maltreatment in the Last 50 Years: The Use of Statistics -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Diminution of the Prevalence of Maltreatment of Children? -- 4.3 No Diminution: Studies on the Prevalence of Child Maltreatment as Historical Sources -- 4.4 From Narrow to Broad: The Changing Definition of Child Maltreatment -- 4.5 The Impact of Children's Rights -- 4.6 Aesthetics of Statistics, or, the Appeal of Statistical Mapping for Policy-makers -- 4.7 Conclusion -- References -- 5 Constructing Social Unity and Presenting Clear Predictions: The Promise of Public Opinion Pollsters to Measure and Educate Society -- 5.1 The Creation of National Community: Dewey's and Gallup's Ethical Legitimation of Social Sciences and Polls -- 5.2 An Instrument for Democracy? Polls in the Public and Governmental Sphere -- 5.3 Contradictory Functions of Poll Statistics: Service for Efficient and Rational Government, National Coherence and the Gaining of Political Power -- 5.4 The Suggestive Aesthetics of Charts: The Clearness of Social Coherence or Camps, the Security of Prediction Due to Reliable Observation and Permanent Comparison -- 5.5 The Limits of Polls as an Instrument to Create the Great Communication Community -- 5.6 Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 6 n = 1: The Science and Art of the Single Case in Educational Research -- 6.1 Quantitative Research Methods and the Predilection for Large Numbers -- 6.2 The Function of the Single Case Within a Quantitative Research Tradition -- 6.3 Different Forms of the Single Case -- 6.4 Generalising from the Single Case? -- 6.5 The Single Case as a Source of Conjecture and Refutation -- 6.6 Relating the Particular to the Particular -- 6.7 The Case as Offering a Vicarious Experience -- 6.8 Case Study: Science or Art? -- 6.9 Historical/Biographical Note -- Notes -- References -- 7 To Frame the Unframable: Quantifying Irregular Migrants' Presence -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Techniques for Estimating Irregular Migration Numbers -- 7.3 Counting the Uncountable: Some Conceptual Problems -- 7.3.1 Different Definitions, Different People -- 7.3.2 The Homogenisation of Complexity -- 7.4 Does It Make Sense To Say ... -- 7.5 Appendix 1: Methods for Stock Estimates -- 7.5 Appendix 2: Methods for Flow Estimates -- References -- 8 European Citizenship and Evidence-Based Happiness -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 The New Science of Happiness -- 8.3 Beyond GDP -- 8.4 ''Learning to Be Together''; ''Keep on Learning''; ''Learning About Me'' -- 8.5 Conclusion -- References -- 9 T.
Summary: Statistics are everywhere. Their power and their undoubted efficacy in many areas have given rise to faith in measurement and metrics. More of them will tell us all that we need to know. Their use carries with it a number of presuppositions: that reality can be satisfactorily represented and that it can be controlled or the risks managed. The papers in this book interpret the ethics and aesthetics of statistics in terms of representation, visualisation and accessibility, focus on the appeal of 'simplicity', of technical languages, numbers, diagrams and pictures, and pay attention to their conn.
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Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

Cover13; -- Contents -- 1 Representation or Hard Evidence? The Use of Statistics in Education and Educational Research -- Note -- References -- 2 The Lure of Statistics for Educational Researchers -- 2.1 The Roots of Quantification -- 2.2 The Adoption of Statistics by Professions -- 2.3 Educational Research as a Soft and Applied Field -- 2.4 One Problem with Quantifying Educational Research: Missing the Point -- 2.5 Another Problem with Quantifying Educational Research: Forcing a Rectangular Grid onto a Spherical World -- References -- 3 Dazzling Statistics? On the University Expansion in Flanders and the Need for Research into the History of Education that Transcends Quantifying Sociology -- 3.1 The Context -- 3.2 Problem Statement -- 3.3 Questions from History on the Use of Statistics in Social Sciences -- 3.3.1 Too General? -- 3.3.2 Too A-Historical? -- 3.3.3 Presentist Pitfalls? -- Notes -- References -- 4 Child Maltreatment in the Last 50 Years: The Use of Statistics -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Diminution of the Prevalence of Maltreatment of Children? -- 4.3 No Diminution: Studies on the Prevalence of Child Maltreatment as Historical Sources -- 4.4 From Narrow to Broad: The Changing Definition of Child Maltreatment -- 4.5 The Impact of Children's Rights -- 4.6 Aesthetics of Statistics, or, the Appeal of Statistical Mapping for Policy-makers -- 4.7 Conclusion -- References -- 5 Constructing Social Unity and Presenting Clear Predictions: The Promise of Public Opinion Pollsters to Measure and Educate Society -- 5.1 The Creation of National Community: Dewey's and Gallup's Ethical Legitimation of Social Sciences and Polls -- 5.2 An Instrument for Democracy? Polls in the Public and Governmental Sphere -- 5.3 Contradictory Functions of Poll Statistics: Service for Efficient and Rational Government, National Coherence and the Gaining of Political Power -- 5.4 The Suggestive Aesthetics of Charts: The Clearness of Social Coherence or Camps, the Security of Prediction Due to Reliable Observation and Permanent Comparison -- 5.5 The Limits of Polls as an Instrument to Create the Great Communication Community -- 5.6 Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 6 n = 1: The Science and Art of the Single Case in Educational Research -- 6.1 Quantitative Research Methods and the Predilection for Large Numbers -- 6.2 The Function of the Single Case Within a Quantitative Research Tradition -- 6.3 Different Forms of the Single Case -- 6.4 Generalising from the Single Case? -- 6.5 The Single Case as a Source of Conjecture and Refutation -- 6.6 Relating the Particular to the Particular -- 6.7 The Case as Offering a Vicarious Experience -- 6.8 Case Study: Science or Art? -- 6.9 Historical/Biographical Note -- Notes -- References -- 7 To Frame the Unframable: Quantifying Irregular Migrants' Presence -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Techniques for Estimating Irregular Migration Numbers -- 7.3 Counting the Uncountable: Some Conceptual Problems -- 7.3.1 Different Definitions, Different People -- 7.3.2 The Homogenisation of Complexity -- 7.4 Does It Make Sense To Say ... -- 7.5 Appendix 1: Methods for Stock Estimates -- 7.5 Appendix 2: Methods for Flow Estimates -- References -- 8 European Citizenship and Evidence-Based Happiness -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 The New Science of Happiness -- 8.3 Beyond GDP -- 8.4 ''Learning to Be Together''; ''Keep on Learning''; ''Learning About Me'' -- 8.5 Conclusion -- References -- 9 T.

Statistics are everywhere. Their power and their undoubted efficacy in many areas have given rise to faith in measurement and metrics. More of them will tell us all that we need to know. Their use carries with it a number of presuppositions: that reality can be satisfactorily represented and that it can be controlled or the risks managed. The papers in this book interpret the ethics and aesthetics of statistics in terms of representation, visualisation and accessibility, focus on the appeal of 'simplicity', of technical languages, numbers, diagrams and pictures, and pay attention to their conn.

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